Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. Along with leakage, there may be other symptoms such as urgency, frequency, and nocturia (awakening during sleep to urinate). Many issues can contribute to urinary incontinence such as pregnancy, child birth/episiotomy, pelvic/abdominal surgeries, weak pelvic floor muscles, constipation, neuromuscular disorders, and hormonal changes from menopause.
There are two types of urinary incontinence. Stress incontinence is the sudden involuntary loss of urine due to exercising, lifting, coughing, sneezing, or laughing. Leakage is mostly due to weak pelvic floor muscles and ligament support.
Urge incontinence is leakage that occurs immediately, or soon after, you have the urge to use the restroom. The bladder contracts and the feeling is uncontrollable and overwhelming.